Green Earth Consultant
|Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) project management and advisor|
CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY (CSR) FUNDS AND PROJECT MANAGEMENT
IS BIO GAS?
natural process with the help of bacteria, cow dung and biological waste is
subjected to degradation process to gas. This gas is called biogas.
is formed when organic biodegradable feedstock such as cow dung, poultry litter,
other excreta, organic municipal solid waste (MSW), biomass etc. ferments and is
degraded by bacteria under anaerobic conditions. Biogas is a mixture of:
(CH4 - 50% to 70%)
dioxide (CO2 – 30% to 45%)
impurities/contaminants comprising of gases such as
sulfide (H2S – ppm to 3%).
demand for energy and the fertilizers are never ending in the energy deficient
India. India has a huge
population of humans and cattle. One fifth of the population of earth as well as
millions of cattle reside in India. So biological waste is available in
abundance. We have abundant source of raw material and huge demand of finished
product. Hence, this business is very lucrative and safe.
no conscientious effort, except the traditional use of animal waste as manure,
has been made to some extent in India. No effort has been made to use this waste
for the purpose of production of energy to run power plants, water pumps, farm
machinery, vehicles etc.
an approximate formula, 100 cows will give 1000/Kg of cow dung per day, this in
a bio digester will yield about 40 cubic meter of Gobar gas per day. After
removing impurities such as CO2, Sulphur, Moisture etc will yield about 20 cubic
meter or 17Kg of pure methane gas per day, which is also known as CNG.
With modern technology, effective use of dung and bio waste can be used to generate biogas in large quantities. Biogas after filtration from all impurities and moisture gives pure Methane gas. Methane can be compressed and stored in bottles and cylinders. This purified biogas or Methane is capable of running power plants for generating electricity & running vehicles.
the process of manufacture of biogas, the remaining waste slurry is very rich in
nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and organic humus. Therefore this slurry can be
used as it is in the form of organic fertilizer, which is very good for the crop
and increases yield to 25% to 40%.
Consultant help in setting up of bio gas plant at your premises regardless of
your location in India. We provide best machinery, best design and layout for
your setup, efficient running process to yield best output. We provide training
to your people to run the plant and maintain it, and suggest you the avenues of
earning from your products.
is ready market for:
Raw biogas for using in cooking. But it has smell so not preferred.
Refined biogas for using in cooking in community kitchens and operation
of boilers in industry. This is in high demand
Purified and pressurized biogas is used to generate electricity.
Purified and pressurized biogas is used to make CNG and stored in
Slurry from biogas generation can be sold as organic fertilizer.
IS THE IMPACT ON ENVIRONMENT
bio waste and animal dung if left in open will release methane in atmosphere.
This is highly poisonous and harmful gas. Hence, biogas manufacturing plants
prevent pollution as the methane is put to use as fuel and is burnt away. That
is why government is encouraging bio gas plants.
DOES THE BIOGAS CNG OR ELECTRICITY PROJECT INVOLVE
projects have three stages:
Collection of cow dung, mixing it with water and making slurry. This slurry is
fed into digester to produce raw biogas. This raw biogas can be used for
cooking, but it will have smell of impure gases. Raw biogas can be stored in
special containers or balloons.
Raw biogas is pumped into filtration plant and has to go through many stages for
removing the impurities. Filtered or pure biogas or bio-cng is stored in special
containers or balloons.
Pure biogas or bio-cng is then pumped into very powerful four stage compressor
system to be fed into bottles. A group of bottles is setup as cascade and has to
be transported via trolleys to end user.
biogas can be also fed to generators to produce electricity.
location of these plants is near to large cattle breeders, Gaushallas and in vicinity
of small houses that have cattle and buffalos who can collectively
supply dung to your plant.
plants for household use are also available for generating gas for your daily
cooking needs, if you have 2-3 cattle or buffalos.
based power units can be a reliable decentralized power generation option in the
country. In order to promote this route
of power generation, specifically in the
small capacity range (3 kW to 250 kW), based on the
availability of large quantity of animal wastes
and wastes from forestry, rural based industries
(agro/food processing), kitchen wastes, etc; a
number of projects of different capacities and
applications will be taken up for refining
the technical know-how, developing manpower and
necessary infrastructure, establishing a proper
arrangement of operation & maintenance and large scale dissemination.
The projects to be taken up by any village level organization, institution,
private entrepreneurs etc. in rural areas as well as areas covered under the
Remote Village Electrification (RVE) programme of MNRE other than the
industries and commercial establishments covered under
Urban, Industrial & Commercial Applications (UICA)
programmes for sale of electricity to individual/
community on mutually agreeable terms. The implementing
organizations must ensure that sufficient feed
stock/ materials for proposed biogas plants size are
available on sustainable basis and the beneficiary organization gives an
undertaking that the plant would be maintained and operated for a minimum period
of ten years.
industrial sector today consumes approximately 35% of total electricity
generated in the country. At the same time, high quality stable power is
required to attain the higher growth rate projected for this sector. Majority of
industries in India require both electrical and thermal energy. Today, they
either buy power from the State Electricity Boards, or generate their own power
largely through diesel generators and meet their thermal energy requirements
through captive means mostly utilizing fossil fuels such as coal, oil or natural
gas. As fossil fuels are limited, and have adverse environmental impact, it
would be appropriate to use non-conventional energy sources including biomass
resources such as crop residues and agro-industrial wastes for generation of
energy in the industries mainly through biomass gasification technology for
meeting their total / partial requirements for both electrical and thermal
are several industries such as sugar, paper and pulp, textiles, fertilizers,
petroleum, petrochemicals and food processing, etc. which require electrical as
well as thermal energy for their operations. These requirements can either be
met through different energy sources, or from a single source, which is capable
of generating electricity as well as producing thermal energy. Simultaneous
production of power and thermal energy from a single fuel source is termed as
co-generation. The power generated from such co-generation plants can be used
for meeting the captive requirements and the surplus power produced can be
exported to the grid.
project is beneficial, there are various schemes to promote this business.
generation from Municipal Solid
crore/MW (Max. Rs.10crore/project) Waste
2. Power generation from biogas at Sewage
Plant or through biomethanation of Urban and Agricultural Waste/residues
including cattle dung or production of bio-CNG
crore/MW or bio-CNG from 12000 m3 biogas/day (Max. Rs. 5 crore/project)
generation from Urban, Industrial and Agricultural Wastes/residues
crore /MWeq. (12000 m3 biogas /day with maximum of Rs. 5 cr./ project)
Generation from Biogas (engine / gas turbine route) and production of bio-CNG
for filling into gas cylinders
Rs. 1.00 crore/MW
from 12000 m3 biogas (Max. Rs.5 crore/project
5. Power Generation from Biogas, Solid Industrial, Agricultural Waste/residues excluding bagasse through Boiler + Steam Turbine Configuration
Rs. 0.20 crore/MW (Max. Rs. 1 crore/project)
scheme was launched on the auspicious day of 2nd October, 1993, the
birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi all over the country The main objective of
the PMRY scheme is to provide easy subsidized financial assistance to educated
unemployed youth for starting their own enterprises in manufacturing, business
& service and trade sectors. Initially the scheme was aimed at providing
self-employment to one million educated unemployed youth in the country by
setting up 7 lakh micro enterprises through inducting service and business
ventures over a period of 2 ˝ years. The scheme is a stupendous success and
caught the imagination of the youth. Overwhelmed with the response and
ever-increasing need, the Government has decided to make it a permanent scheme
and framed modalities & guidelines for its successful implementation and to
fulfill the purpose for which it is designed. The features of the scheme are as
This is a centrally
Commissioner (Small-Scale Industries) under Ministry of Small Scale, Rural and
Agro, Industries Government of India is the apex body for this scheme.
Commissioner/Director of Industries implements the scheme at the State level
except the four metropolitan cities, with an overall monitoring by the concerned
Secretaries of Industries.
agencies at the grass root level are District Industries Centre (DIC) who would
be instrumental for the grounding of the units.
Small Industries Service
Institute(SISI) located in the four Metropolitan cities of Delhi, Kolkata,
Mumbai and Chennai are the implementing agencies of this scheme.
The DCSSI has setup a
special PMRY division in the headquarters under the able guidance of an IAS
officer. DCSSI formulates the rules, regulations and guideline instructions and
provides clarifications on all the matters pertaining to PMRY scheme. It has
also devised a complete feedback information by the means of getting monthly,
quarterly and annual progress reports from all the states to closely monitor the
implementation and progress of the scheme.
Similarly at the state
level, State Level PMRY Committee meetings monitors the progress of the scheme
FOR THE SCHEME:
FOR LOAN UNDER PMRY SCHEME:
We help in preparation of the project for PMRY scheme at a reasonable fee. This
project is to be submitted with your application for loan.
The District Industries Centre ( DIC) along with banks being the implementing
agency at the grass root level of each districts calls for people to apply for
PMRY loans. The required application forms are available at DICs, with the local
Industry Promotion Officers of the concerned areas as well as local banks. The
application form is a simple format seeking the basic details of the candidate
(Application form enclosed).
the GM, DIC constitutes the task force committee and convenes meeting to conduct
interview of the candidates. The members of the task force committee are GM DIC,
all the financing bankers, officials of all other developmental agencies like
SISI. The objective of the task force committee is to take interview of the
applicants to assess their knowledge about the proposed project, aptitude,
interest, and entrepreneur qualities so as to make the proposed project a
success and to sincerely repay the proposed loan amount given under the PMRY
scheme. The committee selects the candidates by the process of grading marks.
Task Force Committee selects the candidate and allocate to the bank. The
selected candidates, are duly intimated and directed to approach the selected
bank branch for sanction of the loan, with this the selection process is
time for loan is between 3 to 7 years depending on type of project.
are dealt with very seriously through Department of Revenue for recovery of loan
TO PROCEED FURTHER?
you have decided to install the biogas project, you have to contact email@example.com
and inform them the follows:
How many cow/buffalo you have.
How much land you have, where you will set up the unit.
How many people will be involved as partners with individual loan.
Name, address and cell numbers of all the partners.
How many hours of electricity you get in a day
Do you have availability of water through municipality, hand pump, well,
receipt of your information, we will send you the best options available to you
and which project will be the best for you.
needed we will even visit your site if the project is a large one and advise you
the best options.
the Program on Energy from Urban, Industrial and Agricultural Wastes / Residues
Name of Promoter/ Investor
address Tel. No./ Fax No./E-Mail
Name of Project along
Type of Waste &
Name of FI/Bank lending
for the project
Total cost of project
costs d) Total
Means of Financing
(with details) from FIs
Whether grid-connected or captive
Project period (in
Status of Project
copies of DPR, including bar charts for schedule of activities for the project
of possession of site
of statutory clearances obtained, (if any)
of the MoU executed with FI/Bank
of the MoU executed with SEB / other State Agency
that the above information given by me on behalf of my firm/ company is correct
in all respects and no factual information has been suppressed.
of the Applicant)
Women who wish to venture out on their own and start their own businesses can avail Rs.50,000 from the government, and since half the amount is subsidy, repayment must be done only to the extent of Rs.25,000. The National Employment Service department will offer the interest-free loan as per Saranya – a self-employment scheme that is designed to aid legally divorced women, unemployed widows, unmarried mothers, women abandoned by their husbands and single women who are over 30 years of age provided they have been registered in employment exchanges in Kerala.
Karnataka Minorities Development Corporation (KMDC) is all set to train 10,000 unemployed graduates belonging to the minority communities. The highest concentration of minority communities is in the Udupi and Dakshina Kannada districts of Karnataka which will see special focus by the KMDC.
The youth will be trained under the “Develop India” program. KMDC also plans to tie-up with various other institutes to popularize the program and provide training to the unemployed youth. The aim is to provide placements to about 70% of the youth that avail training under this program while the rest 30% is to be offered loans for starting of their own enterprises. KMDC also plans to offer subsidized loans to around 5000 minority students for taking up various engineering, medical and dental courses this year. Students who avail these loans will have to start repayment after completion of 6 months from the date of completion of course.
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